Thursday, November 16, 2017

How to Survive in the Middle East

Each country has its own cultural sensitivities. International travelers are to be very careful about them. Let's say, they do not want unauthorized photography in their environment, so you will not take pictures. Let's say they do not want you to spend more than length of stay they allow in their country, so you will not be late. Let's say you're expected to dress closed - you will dress accordingly. You will not consume alcoholic beverages, if it is strictly forbidden.
The rules of one country - its applications may be opposite of the rules of the citizens of another country. Hence it is useless, and meaningless to object to the local rules. If you are in that country, you will do what they say, you will do, and follow their rules.
Imagine the freedom of expression in Germany and France or in United Kingdom in a broad sense, and the tolerance shown for CharlieHebdo cartoons. It is impossible to expect the same in the Middle East countries. In the United States, the police have a wide margin of authority. You have no right to object but obey the rules.
Robert Alan Black, then 70-year-old US architect, who had three masters and a PhD degree, was invited to a Gulf country in October 2014 as a speaker for "Creative Thinkers" Conference, in Abu Dhabi. His expenses for plane, hotel, meals were met, the organizers made a lump sum daily allowance for him as a major keynote speaker.
The next morning after the conference, he goes out of the hotel for site seeing the nearby environment. He was walking outdoors in the early morning hours, in the morning coolness. He wants to see the surrounding area outdoors. He had a simple a digital camera with him to take simple pictures. If you are a tourist in Istanbul, you are free to photograph everywhere. Nobody tells you anything. In Africa, Masai people in Savannah, they ask you to pay if you take their pictures. Similarly you can not India without pay money for your pictures.
Our senior architect walks randomly on the street in the morning. He passes by a few mosques, a big commercial building, a residential area. He takes pictures of some interesting architecture. But that was not normal in Abu Dhabi. You should take official permission if you wish to take pictures of anything outdoors. Everything is unauthorized. A police-military car stops nearby and takes him to the nearest police station to question him. They release him after 3-5 hours of interrogation, with the strict recommendation not to take pictures of any building.
On his way back to his hotel, he sees a warning sign on the road. It says, "It is forbidden to take pictures here", in many languages. His unstoppable impulse inside activates again, he takes the picture of that road sign. A few minutes later, another military car stops nearby.
This time the situation is serious, despite the fact that there is a duplicate situation. They take our curious architect into prison and forget him there for a while without informing anyone.

After one month, a recently released inmate informs the US consulate in the country, somehow the consulate finds a reputable lawyer with close relations to the jurisdiction, our architect is released and deported immediately.
Upon return home, he speaks to CNN TV about what have happened. The foreign mind has never understood local sensitivity. There are many strangers who have interpreted the incident differently from their own point of view. They have also described other things. Most of inmates have not been in the court for one year without court hearing. The most of them are guilty of simple passport period violations. So you will not take photos without permission, you will not be expire your stay.
When I go to Saudi Arabia, I would not take photo camera. I do not take any foreign magazine or newspaper with me. I just take the company promotion catalogs. I read whatever available at the local magazine store or bookshop. Foreign magazines, newspapers, are sold all censored in black ink.
When I was working in Pakistan in the 1990s, we were not able to get a permanent or long term residence permit for our employees in the construction site. Once we were so occupied with daily work, our site supervisor had to spend one more week without permission. He was arrested and kept in the prison for one month until we cleared the legal procedures and pay the penalties.
While returning from Azerbaijan, at the Baku airport, I checked my passport. I showed passport maybe ten times. Lastly, a soldier in a secluded place took my passport, pretending to check it out, he practically scrapped my passport. I returned to Istanbul with a shattered passport. Our passport police was very understanding, "That happens always out of Azerbaijan." I had to renew my lousy passport immediately spending unnecessary time and money. It has nothing to do with the politics of the country, it was the nasty practice of an individual unresponsive soldier.
When we were in Syria in the 1990s for a tender, a foreigner staying in our hotel in Damascus was jogging early in the morning around the hotel. A military car stopped by, asked for a passport. Do you take your passport while jogging? You should in Syria. You are already running around the hotel. They arrest him and took in jail for a month until the foreign consulate interferes for his release. So in any case you'll have your passport with you at all times. This is the practice in the Middle East. After the CharlieHebdo incident, primarily Europe and the Middle East, countries put extra measures on visa conditions, put longer visa requirements. You need to apply long before. Donald Trump put visa restrictions to various Muslim counties. Moreover USA stopped visa for Turkish citizens, although they continued releasing visas for ongoing visa applications. In order to be able to do business in difficult geographies, "we have to pay attention to all local sensitivities". But there are times when these sensitivities are not taken into consideration. President George W. Bush's wife Laura Bush, former Foreign Secretary Hillary Clinton, President Barack Obama's wife Michelle Obama, German chancellor Angela Merkel, these ladies visited Saudi Arabia, with their heads uncovered. The Saudi authorities did not make any objection. Saudis could not make it for diplomacy and cooperation.

This is the practice in the Middle East. You should be careful in local sensitivities and concur at all times if you wish to make business with locals.

Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

Ankara, 16th November 2017

Monday, November 13, 2017

Trabzon Opera House, 1912-1958

TURKEY- Trabzon Opera House, 1912-1958

Trabzon Opera Days were held on 18-21-23 April 2017 in the Hasan Saka Hall of the Black Sea Technical University Cultural Congress Center. The program covered "Lend me a Tenor" musical by Ken Ludwig, Harem Ballet, and Nasrettin Hodja Children's Opera. We all know that Trabzon has a limited number of opera performances during the year.

One of the first opera houses of Anatolia was built in 1912 by French contractors in Trabzon. Opera house architecture was designed by an Italian architect in accordance with the European art-Noveau art movement of that period. It was built near the Meydan park at the city center of Trabzon. The local Greek Pontus population had organized the construction financing. The opera building could house 1000 audience and operated as opera theater. The Greek families migrated to Greece in year 1922 in accordance with Turkish Greece population exchange agreement. Now we have no documentation about Opera. We have only verbal pale memoirs with old peoples.

Between 1922 and 1935, this beautiful stone building was used as a venue for public performance events. In 1937, a local businessman initiated the commercial activity as "Sumer" Cinema. In 1958, the municipal authorities demolished in the magnificent stone building within two weeks with the intention to open a greater road from the square to seaside Tangent road. That place was left empty until today.

Administrators who are even quite distant to the art of opera, still want to have an opera house in their city. Because, like the winners of the hotel stars, the opera house earns more credibility in the marketing fair-conference evaluation for the city. Opera house is an additional criterion in selecting site for Olympic, fair, conference place. Istanbul has Kadikoy Süreyya, Beşiktaş Fulya, Bakırköy Leyla Gencer Opera locations. The new Atatürk Cultural Center (AKM) will be reconstructed by 2019 elections. There are State Opera House and the Ostim Leyla Gencer Opera House in Ankara. There are six different opera houses in Izmir, including Alhambra.

Trabzon Opera building is no longer available. The magnificent image stands just in black and white sepia photos. The front facade resembles Izmir's Alhambra opera. From time to time, in the printed media, as well as on the internet pages, Trabzon opera house is mentioned. The Opera building was used as cinema hall until 1958. Then there was an instant demolition. Elderly immigrant people who migrated from Trabzon to North America have it in their memories as a distant dream. Pontus Heritage Libraries in Greece may have some logbook documentations.

Can this gorgeous stone building be rebuilt? What happened here between 1912-1922? Who played? What opera groups came, what was staged? Which artists were there? What did they do? We do not know anything.


Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

Ankara, 13th November 2017

Sunday, October 08, 2017

Coal Curse in Eskişehir Alpu

TURKEY- Eskişehir Alpu Coal Fields and 
1080 MWe New Thermal Power Plant, OpEd Analysis

According to the MTA 2011 report (by İlker Şengüler) and Eskişehir Anadolu University 2014 Academic Article (by Korhan Usta, Hatice Kutluk), there are two horizontal local lignite coal layers extending underground at depth from 250 to 450 meters in the Eskişehir-Alpu coal basin in the southwest-northeast direction with layer thicknesses range from 0.55 to 31.60 meters.
The amount of proven reserves is about 1.5 billion metric tons. The upper layer had an average ash content of 36%, sulfur content of 1.87%, moisture content of 36% and an average lower calorific value of 1950 kcal / kg.
In the lower horizontal layer, average ash content is 28%, sulfur content is 1.13%, humidity is 32% and average lower calorific value is 2150 kcal / kg.
It is apparent that Eskisehir-Alpu lignite which is the third biggest lignite basin of Turkey has very important economic value.
Eskişehir Alpu coal fields, currently belonging to Electricity Generation Inc. (EUAS) were covered in the scope of new privatization. With the provision of a 1080 MW power plant, the project will be handed over to the private group which will give the lowest electricity sales price in terms of UD cents per unit kw-hour.
According to the news of the local Dünya (World) newspaper on 28 September 2017 (by reporter Mehmet Kara), the tenderers who will participate in the tender by means of negotiations will compete with the commitment to sell electricity to the EUAŞ at the lowest price. The negotiation procedure shall be implemented by subtracting from the initial sale price and shall be concluded by an open auction to be made by the participation of the prequalified bidders whose bidding negotiation is continued, if deemed necessary by the tender commission.
The deadline for qualification for the privatization of the Eskişehir Alpu coalfields, with the condition of establishing a new 1080 MWe thermal power plant and the transfer of operating rights, was set as January 26, 2018.
Underground coal deposits will be mined, 1080 MWe capacity thermal power plant will be constructed nearby at mine mouth, coal will be enriched here, then  electricity will be produced, then will be sold to national grid, and treasury will give a purchase guarantee. At the privatization administration, the minimum sale price is expected to be around 5-6 US cents / kWh.
Eskişehir Alpu Coal fields privatization tender required TL 25 million in temporary bid bold for the interested parties for the transfer of operating rights.
According to the pre-investment project as developed by EÜAŞ earlier, approximately 116.8 hectares of 1,125 hectares of coal production area are planned, and about 30 hectares of coal stock areas are to be allocated. The thermal power plant will be constructed within the scope of the project with estimated value of US $ 1.8 billion. The total installed capacity is 3 X 360 MWe and the thermal power is 900 X 3 MWt. As the main fuel is the local coal of Eskişehir Alpu underground coal fields for the 1080 MWe Alpu Thermal Power Plant. Approximately 6.3 million tons of domestic coal (lignite) will be burned in the plant annually. When the plant goes into operation, a total of 1 million 950 thousand tons of coal waste will be generated, including 1.6 million tons of base ash and 350,000 tons of gypsum per year. The new plant will be supplied with coal from sector B, covering 1,787 hectares.
In Turkey, with low calorific value of domestic coal, there are thermal power plants with proven designs in long term operation, let us name them. Soma-B # 5-6, Seyitömer # 4, Kangal # 3, Afşin-B.
They are all very good at burning domestic coal, they all proved themselves in 20-30 years long operation. They solved the problem of domestic coal burning, but there may still be in need of new dust filters, and new FGD desulfurization.
Our investors investing in domestic coal have not told us about the results of their investments in China- Korea- Far East designs, plants where most of them bought from Far Eastern companies. We do not have details of their operations as explained in exhibitions in panels at conferences. There are no success stories told. There are no high efficiency, no high availability information. The leaked news are not good. Once a project is realized, the project operation results are generally shared with everyone in public.
There is nothing publicly disclosed about CFB (circulating fluidized bed) domestic coal investments in the last 10 years. There is a deep silence in new plants with most of the domestic coal-burning CFB technology. Nobody explains anything, on thermal power plant operations where billions of dollars are invested. There is no news made public, no information made available. Operation results are not explained, information is not given.
Our explanation is as follows, we have very wet, almost 50-55% water content- domestic coal containing moisture which can not be burned properly without preheating, dehumidification, dewatering systems. In extreme amounts, available wet lignite fuel can not be operated without using high amount of supplementary fuel oil, which means there is a hidden non-operation or failure problem.
New plants have continuous failure in coal feed and ash/ slug removal systems. Continuous rehabilitation is being done. The systems are completely renewed. ESP Dust filters, FGD flue gas desulfurization systems are not working properly, they are often shut down. However, the plants still continue to work, and hence they pollute the environment.
Far Eastern companies are proposing ready-made (off the shelf) CFB designs, all-in-one solutions, with the cheapest financial packages of their exim banks. Domestic investors, who are influenced by very cheap prices, are convinced. China-Korea-Far East design CFB technology are not suitable for our indigenous coal reserves. Senior management decision makers who make this investment decision are aware of the situation. They keep silent until they retire, they do not make a sound.
The thermal power plant, which will be located at a distance of 40 km from the city center of Eskişehir, may become a real disaster for the Eskisehir city if the environmental equipment would be inadequate, if the project is not carried out under proper international strict tender conditions, if the contractor firm is not strictly regulated by international norms, standards, rules and regulations. An uncontrolled project that has left at the mercy of a Far Eastern contractor who will leave after 2-3 years from the installation of the plant is wrong. The main contractor of this project must be a competent local company that has been tested in the past with proven past references at the same or higher output capacities.

Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

Prinkipo, 10 October 2017

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Hard Times for Donald Trump Administration

Donald Trump would be the president since some delayed decisions must be taken urgently in the US market.
That was our expectation earlier.
Then Donald Trump, a successful, wealthy business man has been chosen as the President. deliciously, visually appealing president who would take these tough decisions without thinking too much.
Donald Trump sworn on January 20, 2017, he then officially became President of the United States, followed by a ceremony at White House. He then suspended the following trade agreements.
TTIP, Transatlantic Trade & Investment Partnership
TPP, Trans Pacific Partnership (trade agreement with Japan, China, Australia and other Pacific countries).
NAFTA to renegotiate with North America, namely Mexico Canada.
Thereafter, China, Japan, the European Union exports to the United States, 35% customs tax would be imposed at the US entrance,
A physical wall will be constructed so that illegal immigrants from the Mexican border can not cross. Unregistered  5-6 million illegal foreigners will be deported, Muslims will be registered, and will be monitored for their probable illegal activities if any.  every  foreign activity will be closely inspected.
Syrians refugees will be sent back.
Nationals of Iraq, İran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen will not enter USA either as refugees or as tourists.
For Citizens of Turkey, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, such ban is not in question. If a country does not want to take refugees or immigrants, nobody can enforce it.
The president's job is very hard in the USA. Every decision must be approved by the House of Representatives, the Senate and even the Supreme Court if necessary.
The order for refugees by the President was dismissed by a federal judge on a disrupted decision, appealed to the decision. 
Donald Trump used the term "so-called" definition for the judge, the word stuck to himself, and the opponents began to call Trump as "the so-called President."
In the White House website, environmental pages have been removed. that is to say, the public control is being reduced in environmental issues, "Invest in fossil fired fuel based thermal power plants, and you can pollute the environment as you want,"
That means investors may continue their construction activities in Keystone XL, Dakota Access gas Pipeline.
The first day Trump met with rich businessmen, his talk was broadcast on TV.
Trump said he would increase employment within the United States. 
Anyhow employment is already very good, 
unemployment is at the lowest level in recent years, at 5%, 
Who will replace to the simple workmanship of the Chinese people? do you need?
The power in the hands of the US president is very small. The American voter chooses the sheriff in his own town or province, or the city he lives in, he elects the local the judge, local public prosecutor, the mayor, and the chief educator. Intra-state governance is managed locally, not from Washington. Administration is fully decentralized in the USA.
What will happen to the other economies when the US starts to raise the Fed's interest rates? Donald Trump has very little power on Federal Reserve on money issues. 
Trump seems to consume all the political gunpowder on the first day. 
The more gunpowder for future will not be available nearby. 
Moreover Trump administration broke up with media organizations. 
The American and world economies are not only made up of factories. 
Donald Trump's TV Show, real estate, hotel, concrete and cement-oriented head is unable  to perceive further developments"
Donald Trump is taking steps to make them look cute just because he gets votes from his uneducated lower middle class citizens.
You can not keep his people voting for Donald Trump in a factory that runs in a two-hour similar Chinese practice. 
All people who have a fair idea without sound knowledge. 
The poorly educated poor majority, who are finally tricked into cheating money, will be US voters in the end, but the time will be too late.
Trump says he will be going to put 35% tax on Chinese property. 
Aren't the Chinese free to reciprocate?
They can put 40% tax on imported American goods. 
Chinese investors have US Treasury bills worth US $ 2 trillion. 
They have started to dispose them already.
The best selling car in China is US production GM. 
Chinese  also put in extra tax for the GM brand. 
Who will loose in this case? 
The history of the automobile workers' union of joint  the US and Canada is more than 100 years old. 
Even the authorized workers' union is the only one between the two countries.
If we cancel NAFTA, the first to sink are automobile manufacturing facilities in the US.
Because the US factories are buying engines from Canada, what will you put in place?
The Donald Trump team is very much a novice in politics, except for the former generals who are appointed for national security and defense. 
Newly appointed civilians do not know politics, diplomacy, public administration, 
They do not have public experience. 
They are Unconventional  individuals in the United States. 
They may be billionaires, but these newcomer politicians are still very young.
They got good money in the market, they have good luck.
They benefit from the system's gaps, but they are not the well-known ones. It was very clear that they were very novices, and that they were going to the language of the USA media for the first time.
The assigned civilizations are stepped one by one. 
Trump was not authorized. 
The racist hate speech advocating white supremacy is under serious pressure.
The sculptures of the soldiers of the southern commanders are disappeared.
What if Trump trade practices are imitated by other countries?
Trump says, "America first." 
The extreme right-wing parties of Europe may say the same motto. 
"Germany first", "France first", "Netherlands first", "Austria first".
Donald Trump's decisions, their priorities are very important for the world.
We do not know how accurate the decisions are for US, but there may be serious similar applications in our geography.
We do not share the same political views with Donald Trump,
but we have been saying some similar things for years. 
Domestic design, domestic engineering, domestic contracting, domestic manufacturing, local assembly all are required to be done in energy equipment design and supply, especially thermal power plant construction. 
The construction of thermal power plants is not so difficult, 
our domestic companies have done in the past, now they can do it again.
If we do not implement it, then we can not close our industrial trade imbalance with China, Far East or other cheaper eastern European products.
Last year Turkey imported 23 billion US dollars from China and sold them 2 billion US dollars worth of goods. There is no such great imbalance in bilateral trade relations.
Turkey is  very dependent on the US for defense. We receive US $ 2.0-2.5 billion of weapons and ammunition each year from the United States.
Last year, US arms ammunition sales have been pending unofficially.
We export US $ 8 billion in 2016 with US imports of US $ 9 billion.
Donald Trump and his team need to get a good look at their thinking.
Commercial domestic market protection ideas should be seriously considered. No matter what political will it is, Trump's decisions need to be taken seriously. It is not just growth we observe in the country's economy by building residence hotels, by performing excavation of cement piles of simple worked jobs.

In any democratic country, governing political authority should give prosperity, wealth, peace and happiness to the voters in order to be reelected for sure.

Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

Ankara, 22 August 2017

Monday, July 03, 2017

Nuclear Technology in Turkey

Middle East Technical University (ODTÜ) management in Ankara closed 30 years of Nuclear education in 1999. More than 2000 M.Sc. and Ph.D. thesis on nuclear technology are standing idle in the library shelves since then. METU has decided to educate the environment and renewable energy. Metu Management has no intention of re-opening the nuclear issue.

However, Nuclear power plant design, engineering, manufacturing, assembly and operation are the sub-discipline of Mechanical Engineering. The nuclear plant is in principle a thermal plant. Nuclear fuel is used instead of fossil fuel. It is completely a thermal power plant design after the nuclear core. Mechanical Engineers can not be far from nuclear technology.


In 2007, a joint study of USA and Israel produced a computer virus named "Stuxnet v.0.5". In 2009, the virus was transmitted to the computers of Siemens Scada, the control center of the Iranian Busheir Natanz Nuclear Power Plants, with confidential permission of the US President and the work of secret services and memory sticks. All PCs in the plant, all PCs in the employees' houses were crashed. All have been defeated. The plant construction procurement process is delayed by 2 (two) years.

Meanwhile, the virus was isolated by Iranian computer engineers, the architecture was resolved, more dangerous joints were made, and it was sent back out of Iran. Stuxnet is now out of control in the globe. In the past years, 2 (two) each of 1000 Mwe strong US Nuclear Power Plant was disabled for 3 weeks due to this virus. The loss estimated an estimated US $ 100 million.

Every call you make with Google, every contact you make with gmail, is watched by "Big Brother". That's why Iran has stopped using Google and gmail.

The Stuxnet v0.5 Virus and its new clone virus (Flame) have become a very dangerous war weapon. In the future it will not only stop the nuclear control systems, it could now claim out of control. Valves, pumps, control systems may not work or they may work incorrectly or in reverse if any accident has occur, to open or close, which may result in a new "Three-Mile Island", "Chernobyl" or "Fukushima" disaster. If such an attack is made on Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant control room computers, who will control power plant security? Is there any security weakness? It sounds like science-fiction disaster, but that's the reality.

In modern times, fighting soldiers no longer use ammunition, guns, rifles, or guns. Syber soldier engineers working on the screen now appeared. Unmanned aerial vehicles are controlled from the US base in Nevada and they are operating in Afghanistan air space.

Our geography is a difficult environment. We have to be strong in order to continue our existence in this difficult geography. We have to provide deterrence against dangerous neighbors with nuclear weapons around us. Defense partnerships are not enough. We need to have conventional weapons and, if necessary, also nuclear weapons. We need unmanned aerial vehicles (drone), ATAK helicopters, F-16 or F-35 aircraft, nuclear weapons. So it is difficult to think of a nuclear-free Turkey.

When the results could not be obtained in normal methods, in 2010, Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant Project was directly tendered to the Northern Neighbor in a closed, secret, imposing easy way to interrogate. The first budget price was 20 billion US Dollars and the first operation was planned in 2020. Then the project execution revision was made. The budget price was increased, the first operating date was moved forward. There is 49% Turkish minority share ownership in the contractor group. Waste control and central computer controls - safety are not clear to public. The construction initiative is no longer in our control.

In our geography we need nuclear technology, reasonable capacity nuclear power plant. But how accurate is the capacity, location and method applied? A political project can only be financed by a political loan. Political credit ends in time. Large projects run with commercial credit support. It is too difficult, or perhaps impossible, to find a commercial loan for a political project.

It is not possible to control the base design of the project.
There are a lot of questions.
How to cool Akkuyu nuclear plant with very hot (average + 30C) sea water?
Who will handle waste management?
How will the wastes be transported, where will they be transported?
How is the "Waste Storage" to save the environment and humans in case of any accident,
Is there any "emergency evacuation plan"?

Every year we send 75-80 young students to our Northern Neighbor. At this point in time, some of them must have their graduation. Where are they employed? Are they are trained in nuclear plant management, not nuclear design engineers, but rather as nuclear plant operators? How are we going to give the nuclear power plant responsibility to the inexperienced new graduates?

Bursa Orhaneli 210 Mwe thermal power plant, Seydişehir Aluminum Plants, Iskenderun Iron and Steel Factory, previously constructed by our Northern neighbor with the same procurement method, however they have not been able to work smoothly in our environment. The arctic designs of our Northern Neighbors that are only compatible with their very cold climate, are not suitable to our warm climate. They quickly breakdown in operation and do not show market consistency and continuity.

In France, 79% of electricity is produced from nuclear power plants, but all nuclear power plants are of French design, French fabrication. The operation is entirely carried out by French personnel. They have problems in waste management, but everything is solved by themselves. The solution is themselves. There is no stranger third party in the middle. Ours is completely foreign to us. Your writer does not know how this will work, and worries about the final outcome.

Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

This article is written for the "EurasiaReview" news web site.

Ankara, 24 February 2017
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